The global aerospace industry is an essential part of an increasingly connected world, with aviation growth projected to be 5 to 6% per annum for the next twenty years. Global aviation accounts for about 2% of global CO2 emissions and this figure could rise to 15-20% by the year 2050¹. To help offset this environmental impact, the global aerospace industry is aiming for an additional 25%² improvement in fuel efficiency and CO2 emissions, primarily through technological enhancements by 2020. Each kilogram of fuel burn reduces CO2 emissions by over 3 kg and a 1% reduction of fuel burn is equivalent to a fuel saving of 250 liters per flight³.
Reducing structural weight is one of the major ways to improve aircraft performance. AMG produces a number of specialty alloys and coatings including gamma titanium (TiAl) used to help reduce weight and improve operational performance of aircraft. AMG also develops and produces advanced vacuum furnace systems used to make titanium and other high purity materials used in aerospace applications.
Highway vehicles release about 1.7 billion tons of greenhouse gases (GHGs) into the atmosphere each year - mostly in the form of CO2. Each gallon of gasoline burned creates 20 pounds of GHG, underscoring the increase in legislation aimed at reversing this trend.4 The European Union, for example, has set mandatory emission reduction targets for new cars. This legislation is the cornerstone of the EU's strategy to improve the fuel economy of cars sold on the European market. The fleet average to be achieved by all new cars is 130 grams of CO2 per kilometer (g/km) by 2015 – with the target phased in from 2012 - and 95g/km by 2021, phased in from 2020.5
Similarly, in the United States, the National Program for greenhouse gas emissions and fuel economy standards was developed jointly by the Environmental Protection Agency and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and applies to light duty cars and trucks in model years 2012-2016 (first phase) and 2017-2025 (second phase). Together the final standards are projected to result in an average industry fleet wide level of 163 grams/mile of carbon dioxide (CO2) in model year 2025, which is equivalent to 54.5 miles per gallon (mpg) if achieved exclusively through fuel economy improvements.6
The development of advanced applications is essential in limiting energy expenditure, both in the manufacturing process and in use. AMG’s heat treatment services business processed over 100 million automotive components in 2014, enabling its customers to improve the fuel efficiency of the vehicles they produce.